This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals:

Principal Researchers

Bradley Jones, Research Associate
Jocelyn Kiley, Associate Director, Political Research
Carroll Doherty, Director, Political Research

Research team

Andrew Daniller, Research Associate
Hannah Hartig, Research Associate
Amina Dunn, Research Analyst
Hannah Gilberstadt, Research Assistant
Ted Van Green, Research Assistant
Vianney Gomez, Research Assistant

Communications and editorial

Nida Asheer, Communications Manager
Calvin Jordan, Communications Associate
David Kent, Senior Copy Editor

Graphic design and web publishing

Alissa Scheller, Information Graphics Designer
Sara Atske, Associate Digital Producer


Andrew Mercer, Senior Research Methodologist
Arnold Lau, Research Analyst

We also would like to thank Scott Keeter and Claudia Deane for their valuable feedback on this project.