This report is made possible by the Pew Charitable Trusts. This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at:

Primary research team

Cary Funk, Associate Director, Research
Brian Kennedy, Research Associate
Meg Hefferon, Research Assistant
Lee Rainie, Director, Internet, Science, Technology Research
Monica Anderson, Research Associate
Kenneth Olmstead, Research Associate

Collaborating research team

Claudia Deane, Vice President, Research
Courtney Kennedy, Director, Survey Research
Kyley McGeeney, Research Methodologist
Andrew Mercer, Research Methodologist
Nick Hatley, Research Assistant

Editorial and graphic design

Shannon Greenwood, Copy Editor
Margaret Porteus, Information Graphics Designer

Communications and web publishing

Dana Page, Senior Communications Manager
Shannon Greenwood, Associate Digital Producer

Outside advisers

A number of outside experts helped guide the research in this report. We received valuable advice from John Besley, associate professor and Ellis N. Brandt Chair in Public Relations at Michigan State University; Karlyn Bowman, senior fellow and research coordinator at the American Enterprise Institute; Gordon Gauchat, assistant professor of sociology at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee; Dan Kahan, Elizabeth K. Dollard Professor of Law at Yale University; and Carolyn Miller, a veteran survey researcher who is currently a senior program officer at the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. While the design and analysis of the project was guided by our consultations with these advisers, Pew Research Center is solely responsible for the design, interpretation and reporting of the data.