This report is made possible by the Pew Charitable Trusts. This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Primary research team

Lee Rainie, Director, Internet, Science, Technology Research
Alan Cooperman, Director, Religion Research
Cary Funk, Associate Director, Research    
Greg Smith, Associate Director, Research
Brian Kennedy, Research Associate
Elizabeth Sciupac, Research Associate       
Meg Hefferon, Research Assistant  
Monica Anderson, Research Associate

Collaborating research team

Claudia Deane, Vice President, Research
Courtney Kennedy, Director, Survey Research
Kyley McGeeney, Research Methodologist
Andrew Mercer, Research Methodologist
Nick Hatley, Research Assistant

Editorial and graphic design

Sandra Stencel, Associate Director of Editorial
Michael Lipka, Senior Editor
Aleksandra Sandstrom, Copy Editor
Margaret Porteus, Information Graphics Designer

Communications and web publishing

Dana Page, Senior Communications Manager
Shannon Greenwood, Associate Digital Producer 

Outside advisers

A number of outside experts helped guide the research in this report. We received valuable advice from Nick Allum, professor of sociology, University of Essex; E. Christian Brugger, professor of moral theology, St. John Vianney Theological Seminary; Anne M. Dijkstra, assistant professor of science communication, University of Twente; Kevin T. FitzGerald, chair in Catholic Health Care Ethics, Georgetown University Medical Center; Patrick Sturgis, professor of research methodology, University of Southampton. We also benefited from conversations with James Hughes, executive director of the Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies during the development of the project. While the design and analysis of the project was guided by our consultations with these advisers, the Pew Research Center is solely responsible for the design, interpretation and reporting of the data.