This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Primary researchers

Colleen McClain, Research Associate
Lee Rainie, Director, Internet and Technology Research

Research team

Monica Anderson, Associate Director of Research
Brooke Auxier, Research Associate
Andrew Perrin, Research Analyst
Emily Vogels, Research Associate

Editorial and graphic design

Margaret Porteus, Information Graphics Designer
David Kent, Senior Copy Editor

Communications and web publishing

Haley Nolan, Communications Associate
Kelsey Beveridge, Communications Associate
Reem Nadeem, Associate Digital Producer

In addition, the project benefited greatly from the guidance of several experts directly involved in contact tracing programs: Beth Noveck, director of the Governance Lab (GovLab) and Chief Innovation Officer of New Jersey, and Esther Dyson, chairman of EDventure Holdings. In addition, we profited from the expertise and advice of the leadership of the Pew Research Center science team – Cary Funk, Director of Research, and Alec Tyson, Associate Director of Research – and from the guidance of Pew Research Center’s methodology team, including Andrew Mercer and Nick Bertoni.