This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Primary researchers

Brooke Auxier, Research Associate
Lee Rainie, Director, Internet and Technology Research
Monica Anderson, Associate Director
Andrew Perrin, Research Analyst
Madhu Kumar, Research Assistant
Erica Turner, Research Intern

Research team

Aaron Smith, Director, Data Labs
Emily Vogels, Research Associate
Skye Toor, Data Science Assistant

Editorial and graphic design

Margaret Porteus, Information Graphics Designer
David Kent, Copy Editor

Communications and web publishing

Shawnee Cohn, Communications Manager
Sara Atske, Associate Digital Producer