Senior Researcher Kiana Cox and Research Associate Khadijah Edward played a lead role in developing the survey questionnaire. This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Kim Parker, Director of Social Trends Research
Juliana Horowitz, Associate Director, Research
Kiana Cox, Senior Researcher
Khadijah Edwards, Research Associate
Isabel Goddard, Research Associate
Kiley Hurst, Research Analyst
Dana Braga, Research Assistant
Alex Cahn, Intern
Shannon Greenwood, Senior Digital Producer
John Carlo Mandapat, Information Graphics Designer
Abby Stafford, Intern
David Kent, Senior Copy Editor
Anna Jackson, Editorial Assistant
Tanya Arditi, Communications Manager
Julia O’Hanlon, Communications Associate
Mimi Cottingham, Communications Associate

In addition, the project benefited greatly from the guidance of the Pew Research Center methodology team: Courtney Kennedy, Andrew Mercer, Ashley Amaya, Dorene Asare-Marfo, Dana Popky, Anna Brown and Arnold Lau. This project also benefited from feedback by the following Pew Research Center staff: Mark Hugo Lopez, Monica Anderson and Jocelyn Kiley.