This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Mark Hugo Lopez, Director, Global Migration and Demography Research
Kim Parker, Director, Social Trends Research
Neil G. Ruiz, Associate Director, Global Migration and Demography Research
Juliana Horowitz, Associate Director, Research
Christine Tamir, Research Assistant
Anna Brown, Research Associate
Jesse Bennett, Research Assistant
Deja Thomas, Research Assistant
Rachel Minkin, Research Associate
Tanya Arditi, Communications Manager
Travis Mitchell, Copy Editor and Digital Producer

In addition, the project benefited greatly from the guidance of the Pew Research Center methodology team: Courtney Kennedy, Andrew Mercer, Nick Bertoni, Dorene Asare-Marfo, Nick Hatley and Arnold Lau.