This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

D’Vera Cohn, Senior Writer/Editor
Anna Brown, Research Associate
Scott Keeter, Senior Survey Advisor
Mark Hugo Lopez, Director, Global Migration and Demography Research
Kim Parker, Director, Social Trends Research
Juliana Horowitz, Associate Director, Research
Deja Thomas, Research Assistant
Jesse Bennett, Research Assistant
Luis Noe-Bustamante, Research Assistant
Abby Budiman, Research Analyst
Christine Tamir, Research Assistant
Tanya Arditi, Communications Manager
Michael Keegan, Senior Infographics Designer
Travis Mitchell, Copy Editor, Digital Producer

In addition, the project benefited greatly from the guidance of the Pew Research Center methodology team: Courtney Kennedy, Andrew Mercer, Nick Bertoni, Joshua Ferno, Dorene Asare-Marfo, Nick Hatley and Arnold Lau.