Pew Research Center received invaluable advice in developing the questionnaire from Meredith Kleykamp, Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Maryland.

This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Kim Parker, Director, Social Trends Research
Juliana Horowitz, Associate Director, Research
Rich Morin, Former Senior Writer/Editor
Ruth Igielnik, Senior Researcher
Anna Brown, Research Associate
Anthony Cilluffo, Research Analyst
Deja Thomas, Research Assistant
Jessica Pumphrey, Former Communications Associate
Bridget Johnson, Communications Manager
Stefan Cornibert, Communications Manager
Leila Barzegar, Communications Associate
Travis Mitchell, Digital Producer, Copy Editor                              

In addition, the project benefited greatly from the guidance of the Pew Research Center methodology team: Courtney Kennedy, Andrew Mercer, Nick Bertoni, Nick Hatley and Arnold Lau, and from feedback provided by the following Pew Research Center researchers: Michael Dimock, Carroll Doherty and Jocelyn Kiley. Molly Rohal provided invaluable input on communications strategy.