This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Kim Parker, Director, Social Trends Research
Juliana Horowitz, Associate Director, Research
Nikki Graf, Research Associate
Ruth Igielnik, Senior Researcher
Anna Brown, Research Analyst
Anthony Cilluffo, Research Assistant
Deja Thomas, Research Assistant
Claudia Deane, Vice President, Research
Jessica Pumphrey, Communications Associate
Michael Keegan, Information Graphics Designer
David Kent, Copy Editor
Travis Mitchell, Digital Producer

In addition, the project benefited greatly from the guidance of the Pew Research Center methodology team: Courtney Kennedy, Andrew Mercer, Nick Bertoni, Nick Hatley and Arnold Lau and from feedback provided by Center researchers: Philip Schwadel, Aaron Smith and Monica Anderson; and Amanda Lenhart, Deputy Director, Better Life Lab, New America.