This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Primary researchers

Onyi Lam, Computational Social Scientist
Stefan Wojcik, Computational Social Scientist
Brian Broderick, Data Science Engineer
Adam Hughes, Computational Social Scientist

Research team

Emma Remy, Data Science Assistant
Skye Toor, Data Science Assistant
Patrick van Kessel, Senior Data Scientist
Dennis Quinn, Data Science Analyst

Editorial and graphic design

Peter Bell, Design Director
David Kent, Copy Editor

Communications and web publishing

Jessica Pumphrey, Communications Associate
Rachel Weisel, Communications Manager
Hannah Klein, Communications Associate
Travis Mitchell, Digital Producer

In addition, the report benefited from feedback provided by the following Pew Research Center researchers: Claudia Deane, Lee Rainie, Ruth Igielnik, Laura Silver, Kim Parker, Juliana Horowitz, Paul Hitlin, Kat Devlin and Patrick Moynihan.