This report, based on a survey conducted with support from Pivotal Ventures, an investment and incubation company created by Melinda Gates, was issued by Pew Research Center. The Center retained final editorial control over the questionnaire, the analysis of the survey data, and the contents of this report.

Pew Research Center received invaluable advice in developing the questionnaire and exploring gender and leadership from Deborah Walsh (Director), Kira Sanbonmatsu (Senior Scholar), Kelly Dittmar (Scholar), Center for American Women and Politics, Rutgers University; Laura Liswood, Secretary General, Council of Women World Leaders, UN Foundation; Sabrina Schaeffer, Leadership Circle Chair, Independent Women’s Forum; Missy Shorey, Executive Director, Maggie’s List; and Catherine Tinsley, Professor of Management, Georgetown University’s McDonough School of Business and Executive Director, Georgetown University Women’s Leadership Institute.

This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Kim Parker, Director, Social Trends Research
Juliana Horowitz, Associate Director, Research
Ruth Igielnik, Senior Researcher
Anna Brown, Research Analyst
Anthony Cilluffo, Research Assistant
Nikki Graf, Research Associate
Claudia Deane, Vice President, Research
Molly Rohal, Communications Manager
Jessica Pumphrey, Communications Associate
Michael Keegan, Information Graphics Designer
David Kent, Copy Editor
Travis Mitchell, Digital Producer