Pew Research Center received invaluable advice on the development of the questionnaire from Mary Zeiss Stange, professor emeritus of women’s studies and religion at Skidmore College, and David Yamane, professor of sociology at Wake Forest University. A series of focus groups with gun owners in Roanoke and Alexandria, Virginia, and Baltimore, Maryland, also helped inform the design of the survey questionnaire.

This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Kim Parker, Director, Social Trends Research
Juliana Horowitz, Associate Director, Social Trends Research
Ruth Igielnik, Research Associate
Baxter Oliphant, Research Associate
Anna Brown, Research Analyst
Jocelyn Kiley, Associate Director, Political Research
Claudia Deane, Vice President, Research
Carroll Doherty, Director, Political Research
Hannah Fingerhut, Research Assistant
Nick Bertoni, Panel Manager
Andrew Mercer, Senior Research Methodologist
Renee Stepler, Research Analyst
Nikki Graf, Research Associate
Anthony Cilluffo, Research Assistant
Samantha Smith, Research Assistant
Rich Morin, Senior Editor
Molly Rohal, Communications Manager
Bridget Johnson, Communications Associate
Michael Keegan, Information Graphics Designer
Aleksandra Sandstrom, Copy Editor
Travis Mitchell, Digital Producer