This report, based on two surveys conducted with support from Pivotal Ventures, the executive office of Melinda Gates, was issued by Pew Research Center. The Center retained final editorial control over the questionnaire, the analysis of the survey data, and the contents of this report.

Pew Research Center received invaluable advice on the survey questionnaire from a panel of advisers that included several leading figures in the fields of work and family and paid family and medical leave:

Lonnie Berger, Director of the Institute for Research on Poverty and Vilas Distinguished Achievement Professor in the School of Social Work, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Katie Bethell, Founder and Executive Director of PL+US: Paid Leave for the United States
Ann Bookman, Director of the Center for Women in Politics and Public Policy and Clinical Professor in the Department of Public Policy and Public Affairs, John W. McCormack Graduate School for Policy and Global Studies, University of Massachusetts Boston
Scott Coltrane, Provost and Senior Vice President, University of Oregon
Ellen Galinsky, President and Co-Founder, Families and Work Institute
Jennifer Glass, Barbara Pierce Bush Professor in Liberal Arts in the Department of Sociology, University of Texas at Austin
Martine Hackett, Assistant Professor of Health Professions, Hofstra University
Brad Harrington, Executive Director of the Boston College Center for Work & Family and Research Professor in the Carroll School of Management, Boston College
Jeff Hayes, Program Director, Job Quality and Income Security, Institute for Women’s Policy Research
Lisa Horn, Director of Congressional Affairs and Director of Workplace Flexibility Initiative, Society for Human Resource Management
Ruth Milkman, Distinguished Professor of Sociology, City University of New York Graduate Center
Sabrina Schaeffer, Executive Director, Independent Women’s Forum
Brigid Schulte, Director of the Better Life Lab, New America
Vicki Shabo, Vice President, National Partnership for Women & Families
Ellyn Shook, Chief Leadership & Human Resources Officer, Accenture

This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Kim Parker, Director of Social Trends Research
Juliana Horowitz, Associate Director, Research
Nikki Graf, Research Associate
Gretchen Livingston, Senior Researcher
Anna Brown, Research Analyst
Renee Stepler, Research Analyst
Anthony Cilluffo, Research Assistant
Claudia Deane, Vice President, Research
Michael Keegan, Information Graphics Designer
Travis Mitchell, Digital Producer
Molly Rohal, Communications Manager
Brian Mahl, Communications Coordinator
David Kent, Copy Editor

Amanda Lenhart, Focus group consultant and moderator
Diane Colasanto, Focus group consultant