This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Eileen Patten, research analyst, analyzed the data and wrote the report. Claudia Deane, vice president of research; Juliana Menasce Horowitz, associate director of research; Scott Keeter, director of research; Kyley McGeeney, research methodologist; and Kim Parker, director of social trends research, provided editorial and analytical guidance and edited the report. Margaret Porteus, information graphics designer, assisted with graphics for the report. Number-checking was done by Research Assistant Anna Brown. The report was copy edited by David Kent. Michael Suh, associate digital producer, provided Web support. Find related reports online at and