Only 15% of Americans say that the scarcity of women in top business positions is primarly owing to their lacking the toughness required of the job. Another 16% saw their ascendance blocked by their shortcomings as bosses as compared with their male counterparts. By contrast, the most frequently cited reasons for the scarcity of females in executive offices were the existence of an “old-boy network” (49%) and the fact that women haven’t had access to corporate America long enough to rise to the top (44%). Read More

Russell Heimlich  is a former web developer at Pew Research Center.