Nearly two in three people in India (65%) think that China will replace the United States as the world’s dominant power at some time in the next 50 years, according to the latest Pew Global Attitudes survey. Among others of China’s neighbors and in the U.S. and China, however, there is no consensus about the future balance of power. Asked when, if ever, China will replace the U.S. as the world’s leading superpower, relatively few respondents in Japan, Russia, China or America think such a transition will take place in the next ten years, although a third (32%) of Indians do believe this. If the time frame is extended to the next 20 or next 50 years, however, many more people see China ascending to this role. Indeed, 43% of Americans and 37% of Chinese join 65% of Indians in saying China will replace the U.S. as the world’s dominant power either in the next 10, 20, or 50 years. Japan is the only country in which a majority (59%) says China will never supplant the U.S. Read More

Russell Heimlich  is a former web developer at Pew Research Center.