Anxiety about the growing strength of China’s military is nearly universal in Japan. That concern is shared with others among China’s neighbors — large majorities in both Russia and India see this as a threatening trend. The Chinese, however, have a very different view: 95% say their rising military might is a good thing. In China, much of the antipathy toward Japan is rooted in history — overwhelmingly, the Chinese believe Japan has yet to atone for its militaristic past. Eight-in-ten Chinese (81%) believe Japan has not apologized sufficiently for its military actions during the 1930s and 1940s. And departing Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi’s repeated visits to the Yasukuni Shrine, a controversial Shinto shrine that memorializes Japan’s war dead, including Class A World War II war criminals, are viewed very negatively in China. Read More

Russell Heimlich  is a former web developer at Pew Research Center.