This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Primary Researchers

Claire Gecewicz, Research Associate
Gregory A. Smith, Associate Director of Research   

Research Team        

Alan Cooperman, Director of Religion Research
Besheer Mohamed, Senior Researcher
Elizabeth Podrebarac Sciupac, Senior Researcher
Becka A. Alper, Research Associate
Kiana Cox, Research Associate
Justin Nortey, Research Assistant    

Editorial and Graphic Design

Michael Lipka, Editorial Manager
Aleksandra Sandstrom, Copy Editor
Bill Webster, Senior Information Graphics Designer

Communications and Web Publishing

Stacy Rosenberg, Associate Director, Digital
Travis Mitchell, Digital Producer
Anna Schiller, Communications Manager

Others at Pew Research Center also gave valuable feedback on this report, including Vice President of Research Claudia Deane, Director of Political Research Carroll Doherty, Associate Director of Research Jocelyn Kiley, Senior Researcher Alec Tyson, and Senior Survey Advisor Scott Keeter.