This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Research Team

Claire Gecewicz, Research Associate
Gregory A. Smith, Associate Director of Research
Kiana Cox, Research Associate
Alan Cooperman, Director of Religion Research
Besheer Mohamed, Senior Researcher
Elizabeth Podrebarac Sciupac, Senior Researcher
Becka A. Alper, Research Associate
Kelsey Jo Starr, Research Analyst   

Editorial and Graphic Design

Michael Lipka, Editorial Manager
Jeff Diamant, Senior Writer/Editor
Aleksandra Sandstrom, Copy Editor
Bill Webster, Senior Information Graphics Designer

Communications and Web Publishing

Stacy Rosenberg, Associate Director, Digital
Travis Mitchell, Digital Producer
Anna Schiller, Communications Manager
Haley Nolan, Communications Associate

Vice President of Research Claudia Deane and Director of Internet and Technology Research Lee Rainie also gave valuable feedback on this report.