This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Research Team

Gregory A. Smith, Associate Director of Research
Alan Cooperman, Director of Religion Research
Besheer Mohamed, Senior Researcher
Elizabeth Podrebarac Sciupac, Senior Researcher
Becka A. Alper, Research Associate
Kiana Cox, Research Associate
Claire Gecewicz, Research Associate                       

Editorial and Graphic Design

Michael Lipka, Editorial Manager
Aleksandra Sandstrom, Copy Editor
Bill Webster, Information Graphics Designer         

Communications and Web Publishing

Stacy Rosenberg, Associate Director, Digital
Travis Mitchell, Digital Producer
Anna Schiller, Communications Manager
Haley Nolan, Communications Associate

Others at Pew Research Center also gave valuable feedback on this report, including Claudia Deane, vice president of research; Courtney Kennedy, director of survey research; Mark Hugo Lopez, director of global migration and demography research; Ana Gonzalez-Barrera, senior researcher; Carroll Doherty, director of political research; and Jocelyn Kiley, associate director of research.