This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Research Team

Alan Cooperman, Director of Religion Research
Gregory A. Smith, Associate Director of Research
Becka A. Alper, Research Associate
Elizabeth Podrebarac Sciupac, Research Associate
Claire Gecewicz, Research Analyst
Besheer Mohamed, Senior Researcher       

Editorial and Graphic Design

Michael Lipka, Senior Editor
Rich Morin, Senior Editor
Aleksandra Sandstrom, Copy Editor
Bill Webster, Information Graphics Designer

Communications and Web Publishing

Stacy Rosenberg, Associate Director, Digital
Travis Mitchell, Digital Producer
Anna Schiller, Communications Manager
Jessica Pumphrey, Communications Associate

Nick Bertoni, panel manager for the American Trends Panel, and Claudia Deane, vice president of research, also gave valuable feedback on this study.