This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Primary Researchers

Claire Gecewicz, Research Assistant
Gregory A. Smith, Associate Director of Research

 Research Team

Alan Cooperman, Director of Religion Research
Jessica Hamar Martínez, Senior Researcher
Besheer Mohamed, Senior Researcher
Becka A. Alper, Research Associate
Elizabeth Podrebarac Sciupac, Research Associate                             

Editorial and Graphic Design

Michael Lipka, Senior Editor
Aleksandra Sandstrom, Copy Editor
Diana Yoo, Art Director
Bill Webster, Information Graphics Designer           

Communications and Web Publishing

Stacy Rosenberg, Senior Digital Manager
Travis Mitchell, Digital Producer
Anna Schiller, Communications Manager

Others at Pew Research Center who contributed to this report include Michael Dimock, Claudia Deane and Conrad Hackett.

Pew Research Center also received valuable feedback on this report from Philip Schwadel, professor of sociology at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.