This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals:

Research team

Carroll Doherty, Director, Political Research
Richard Wike, Director, Global Attitudes Research
Jocelyn Kiley, Associate Director, Political Research
Jacob Poushter, Associate Director, Global Attitudes Research
Laura Silver, Senior Researcher
Gracie Martinez, Administrative Coordinator
Kat Devlin, Research Associate
Janell Fetterolf, Research Associate
Hannah Hartig, Research Associate
Shannon Schumacher, Research Associate
Moira Fagan, Research Analyst
Christine Huang, Research Analyst
Aidan Connaughton, Research Assistant
Nicholas O. Kent, Research Assistant
J.J. Moncus, Research Assistant
Mara Mordecai, Research Assistant
Ted Van Green, Research Assistant

Communications and editorial

Stefan S. Cornibert, Communications Manager
Gar Meng Leong, Communications Associate
Julia O’Hanlon, Communications Associate
David Kent, Senior Copy Editor
Isaac Mei, Associate Social Media Strategist

Graphic design and web publishing

Michael Keegan, Senior Information Graphics Designer
Shannon Greenwood, Digital Producer
Reem Nadeem, Associate Digital Producer


Patrick Moynihan, Associate Director, International Research Methods
Andrew Mercer, Senior Research Methodologist
Nick Bertoni, Senior Panel Manager
Clark Letterman, Senior Survey Manager
Alexandra Castillo, Research Methodologist
Martha McRoy, Research Methodologist
Stacy Pancratz, Research Methodologist
Arnold Lau, Research Analyst