This report was made possible by The Pew Charitable Trusts. Pew Research Center is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts, its primary funder.

This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals:

Research team

Courtney Kennedy, Director, Survey Research
Nick Hatley, Research Analyst
Scott Keeter, Senior Survey Advisor
Andrew Mercer, Senior Research Methodologist
Arnold Lau, Research Analyst
Joshua Ferno, Assistant Panel Manager
Dorene Asare-Marfo, Survey Methodologist
Skye Toor, former Data Science Assistant
Patrick van Kessel, Senior Data Scientist
Adam Hughes, Associate Director, Data Labs

Communications and editorial

Rachel Weisel, Senior Communications Manager
Hannah Klein, Communications Manager
Calvin Jordan, Communications Associate
Travis Mitchell, Copy Editor

Graphic design and web publishing

Bill Webster, Information Graphics Designer
Travis Mitchell, Digital Producer

Colleagues both within and outside of Pew Research Center contributed to the development and execution of this study. In particular, we appreciate insights from Jake Soffronoff about approaches for detecting suspicious cases.