Pew Research Center is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts, its primary funder. This is the latest report in the Center’s ongoing investigation of the state of news, information and journalism in the digital age, a research program funded by The Pew Charitable Trusts, with generous support from the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation.

This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Amy Mitchell, Director, Journalism Research                   
Elisa Shearer, Research Associate
Galen Stocking, Senior Computational Scientist   
Katerina Eva Matsa, Associate Director Research
Sarah Naseer, Research Assistant                 
Naomi Forman-Katz, Research Assistant
Kirsten Worden, Research Assistant
Mason Walker, Research Analyst
Mike Lipka, Editorial Manager             
Rachel Weisel, Senior Communications Manager                    
Andrew Grant, Communications Associate            
David Kent, Senior Copy Editor
Sara Atske, Associate Digital Producer