Pew Research Center is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts, its primary funder. This is the latest report in Pew Research Center’s ongoing investigation of the state of news, information and journalism in the digital age, a research program funded by The Pew Charitable Trusts, with generous support from the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation. This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Elisa Shearer, Research Associate
Amy Mitchell, Director, Journalism Research
Kirsten Worden, Research Assistant
Maya Khuzam, Research Assistant
Margaret Porteus, Information Graphics Designer
Hannah Klein, Communications Manager
Rachel Weisel, Senior Communications Manager
Andrew Grant, Communications Associate
Sara Atske, Associate Digital Producer