This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Primary researchers

Risa Gelles-Watnick, Research Analyst

Research team

Monica Anderson, Director, Internet and Technology Research
Jeffrey Gottfried, Associate Director, Research
Emily A. Vogels, Research Associate
Colleen McClain, Research Associate
Michelle Faverio, Research Analyst
Risa Gelles-Watnick, Research Analyst
Olivia Sidoti, Research Assistant
Lee Rainie, Former Director, Internet and Technology Research 
Eugenie Park, Temporary Researcher

Editorial and graphic design

Kaitlyn Radde, Associate Information Graphics Designer
Rebecca Leppert, Copy Editor

Communications and web publishing

Haley Nolan, Communications Manager
Sara Atske, Digital Producer
Beshay Sakla, Associate Digital Producer

In addition, the project benefited greatly from the guidance of Pew Research Center’s methodology team: Courtney Kennedy, Ashley Amaya, Andrew Mercer, Dorene Asare-Marfo, Anna Brown, Arnold Lau and Dana Popky.