This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Primary researchers
Emily A. Vogels, Research Associate
Monica Anderson, Associate Director

Research team
Aaron Smith, Director, Data Labs
Lee Rainie, Director, Internet and Technology Research
Skye Toor, Data Science Assistant
Brooke Auxier, Research Associate

Editorial and graphic design
Margaret Porteus, Information Graphics Designer
Alissa Scheller, Information Graphics Designer
David Kent, Copy Editor

Communications and web publishing
Shawnee Cohn, Communications Manager
Sara Atske, Associate Digital Producer