This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Research Team

Aaron Smith, Director of Data Labs
Lee Rainie, Director, Internet and Technology research
Monica Anderson, Senior Researcher
Jingjing Jiang, Former Research Analyst
Madhu Kumar, Research Assistant
Skye Toor, Data Science Assistant
Brooke Auxier, Research Associate

Editorial and Graphic Design

Alissa Scheller, Information Graphics Designer
David Kent, Copy Editor           

Communications and Web Publishing

Shawnee Cohn, Communications Manager
Rachel Weisel, Senior Communications Manager
Hannah Klein, Communications Manager
Calvin Johnson, Communications Associate
Travis Mitchell, Digital Producer