This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals.

Laura Silver, Senior Researcher
Christine Huang, Research Assistant
Kyle Taylor, Research Analyst

Sara Atske, Assistant Digital Producer
James Bell, Vice President, Global Strategy
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Shawnee Cohn, Communications Manager
Stefan Cornibert, Communications Manager
Claudia Deane, Vice President, Research
Courtney Johnson, Research Associate
Michael Keegan, Senior Information Graphics Designer
David Kent, Copy Editor
Martha McRoy, Research Methodologist
Patrick Moynihan, Associate Director, International Research Methods
Stacy Pancratz, Research Methodologist
Andrew Perrin, Research Analyst
Audrey Powers, Senior Operations Associate
Lee Rainie, Director, Internet and Technology Research
Ariana Rodriguez-Gitler, Digital Producer
Aaron Smith, Associate Director, Research
Richard Wike, Director, Global Attitudes Research

Pew Research Center also received helpful advice and feedback for this report from a panel of expert advisers: Michael Kende, Visiting Professor at the Graduate Institute, Geneva; Christopher Yoo, John H. Chestnut Professor of Law, Communication, and Computer & Information Science, and Director, Center of Technology, Innovation & Competition at the University of Pennsylvania; and Joshua A. Tucker, Professor of Politics, Director of the Jordan Center of the Advanced Study of Russia and Co-Director of the Social Media and Political Participation (SMaPP) lab at New York University. While the analysis was guided by our consultations with these advisers, Pew Research Center is solely responsible for the interpretation and reporting of the data.