This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Primary researchers

Patrick van Kessel, Senior Data Scientist
Skye Toor, Data Science Assistant
Aaron Smith, Director of Data Labs

Research team

Lee Rainie, Director, Internet and Technology research
Onyi Lam, Computational Social Scientist
Adam Hughes, Associate Director of Research
Dennis R. Quinn, Computational Social Scientist
Stefan Wojcik, Computational Social Scientist
Emma Remy, Data Science Assistant
Brian Broderick, Data Science Engineer      

Editorial and graphic design

Alissa Scheller, Information Graphics Designer
David Kent, Copy Editor

Communications and web publishing

Shawnee Cohn, Communications Manager
Rachel Weisel, Senior Communications Manager
Travis Mitchell, Digital Producer
Sara Atske, Associate Digital Producer