This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Primary researchers

Monica Anderson, Senior Researcher

Research team

Aaron Smith, Associate Director, Research
Lee Rainie, Director, Internet and Technology Research
Andrew Perrin, Research Analyst
Skye Toor, Data Science Assistant

 Editorial and graphic design

Michael Keegan, Senior Information Graphics Designer
Travis Mitchell, Copy Editor

Communications and web publishing

Shawnee Cohn, Communications Manager
Sara Atske, Assistant Digital Producer