This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Primary researchers

Monica Anderson, Senior Researcher
Jingjing Jiang, Research Analyst

Research team

Aaron Smith, Associate Director, Research
Lee Rainie, Director, Internet and Technology Research
Ruth Igielnik, Senior Researcher
Andrew Perrin, Research Analyst
Skye Toor, Data Science Assistant

Editorial and graphic design

Margaret Porteus, Information Graphics Designer
David Kent, Copy Editor

Communications and web publishing

Haley Nolan, Communications Assistant
Sara Atske, Assistant Digital Producer