This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Primary researchers

Aaron Smith, Associate Director, Research

Research team

Lee Rainie, Director, Internet and Technology Research
Kenneth Olmstead, Research Associate
Jingjing Jiang, Research Analyst
Andrew Perrin, Research Analyst
Paul Hitlin, Senior Researcher
Meg Hefferon, Research Analyst

Editorial and graphic design

Margaret Porteus, Information Graphics Designer
Travis Mitchell, Copy Editor

Communications and web publishing

Haley Nolan, Communications Assistant
Sara Atske, Assistant Digital Producer