This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Primary researchers

Monica Anderson, Research Associate
Jingjing Jiang, Research Analyst

Research team

Aaron Smith, Associate Director, Research
Lee Rainie, Director, Internet and Technology Research
Kenneth Olmstead, Research Associate
Ruth Igielnik, Research Associate
Andrew Perrin, Research Analyst

Editorial and graphic design

Margaret Porteus, Information Graphics Designer
David Kent, Copy Editor

Communications and web publishing

Tom Caiazza, Communications Manager
Shannon Greenwood, Associate Digital Producer
Sara Atske, Assistant Digital Producer