This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Primary researchers

Aaron Smith, Associate Director, Research
Monica Anderson, Research Associate
Jingjing Jiang, Research Analyst

Research team

Lee Rainie, Director, Internet and Technology Research
Kenneth Olmstead, Research Associate

Editorial and graphic design

Margaret Porteus, Information Graphics Designer
Shannon Greenwood, Copy editor

Communications and web publishing

Tom Caiazza, Communications Manager
Shannon Greenwood, Associate Digital Producer