This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Primary researchers

Maeve Duggan, Research Associate
Aaron Smith, Associate Director, Research

Research team

Lee Rainie, Director, Internet, Science and Technology Research
Paul Hitlin, Senior Researcher
Meg Hefferon, Research Assistant
Andrew Perrin, Research Assistant

Editorial and graphic design

Margaret Porteus, Information Graphics Designer
Shannon Greenwood, Copy Editor

Communications and web publishing

Dana Page, Senior Communications Manager
Shannon Greenwood, Associate Digital Producer