The findings reported here were collected in surveys underwritten by the University of Michigan. The survey questions were designed by Pew Research Center in consultation with Dr. Nicole Ellison and Dr. Cliff Lampe from the University of Michigan’s School of Information. Further reports with more details about how people use social media will be produced later this year.

This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Maeve Duggan, Research Associate, Pew Research Center
Amanda Lenhart, Associate Director, Pew Research Center
Cliff Lampe, Associate Professor, University of Michigan
Nicole B. Ellison, Professor, University of Michigan
Mary Madden, Senior Researcher, Pew Research Center
Lee Rainie, Director, Pew Research Center
Shannon Greenwood, Assistant Digital Producer
Margaret Porteus, Information Graphics Designer
Dana Page, Communications Manager