This report was written by Jeffrey S. Passel, senior demographer, and D’Vera Cohn, senior writer/editor. Mark Hugo Lopez, director of Hispanic research, and James Bell, vice president for strategy, provided editorial guidance. Gustavo López, research assistant, created charts and tables. Michael Keegan, information graphics designer, created the maps used in this report and developed some of its charts, with assistance from Peter Bell, senior information graphics designer. López; Anna Brown, research analyst; and Ana Gonzalez-Barrera, senior researcher, number-checked the report and its graphics. Yolanda Martinez, digital producer, assisted with formatting and production. David Kent copy edited the report. Find related reports online at