This report was written by Mark Hugo Lopez, director of Hispanic research; Rich Morin, senior editor; and Jens Manuel Krogstad, writer/editor. Claudia Deane, vice president of research, provided editorial guidance. Michael Keegan, information graphics designer, created charts for the overview. Anna Brown, research assistant, and Gustavo López, research assistant, number checked the report. Marcia Kramer copy edited the report. Find related reports online at