This report is a collaborative effort based on the input and analysis of the following individuals. Find related reports online at

Primary researchers

Monica Anderson, Research Associate
Skye Toor, Data Science Assistant

Research team

Aaron Smith, Associate Director, Research
Lee Rainie, Director, Internet and Technology Research
Kenneth Olmstead, Research Associate
Jingjing Jiang, Research Analyst
Meg Hefferon, Research Assistant
Patrick van Kessel, Senior Data Scientist

Editorial and graphic design

Margaret Porteus, Information Graphics Designer
Shannon Greenwood, Copy Editor

Communications and web publishing

Tom Caiazza, Communications Manager
Sara Atske, Assistant Digital Producer